• Population

    The climatic and geographical characteristics of the various are very different between them. The heart of the country is central plateau, the hautes terres, has hills and mountains that protect the fertile valleys and fundamental to the agriculture; many are, in particular, paddy fields. The North is dominated by hills and forest and earth is always wet. The East Coast is rich in vegetation and natural resources; there is fiscing and hunting and agriculture, and most of the territory is covered by natural forest like in the North. Between the central plateau and the Eastern Coast there are also rich areas of paddy field; moving towards the South the landscape becomes predominant forest which is the main source of livelihood of local populationi. In the regions of South-east the land is fertile but the water is not always sufficient. The region of Southern plains is fertile but dry, and there are areas covered by savanah and  steppe rich in  Indian figs, raketa in malagasy language; the population grows  corn and cassava. The South-west is dry and steppe-like too.The West coast is a wide plains suitable for cultivation. Between the center and the west coast of alternating mountains and fertile plains, at least  in the North; as it moving towards the South it meets again savanah and less cultivated areas, with the exception of the valley of 'Onilahy, which is the heart of production of rice in the South of  Madagascar, with 2 or 3 collected annually. Throughout the western part of island has a climat suitable for farming  cattle and sheeps; many are zebù .
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